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Massachusetts, General Ed Quota News
Amherst, MA (UMass - Amherst)
Boston, MA (public schools, Boston Latin)
Lowell, MA (UMass - Lowell)
Lynn, MA (Lynn public schools)
Norton, MA (Wheaton College)
General Ed Quota News:
action backlash tests colleges (07/30/00)
[Boston Globe] "With an upcoming courtroom showdown and a presidential election
raising the stakes, affirmative action at state universities across the nation has reached
a turning point, as a growing number of colleges gut or abolish boosts given to minority
applicants, particularly blacks and Hispanics.
"For the first time since affirmative action became widespread, freshmen planning to
attend the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and the University of Virginia this fall
were not admitted under policies that college officials acknowledge heavily benefited some
minority students with mediocre grades or test scores.
"This month, Florida's 10 public universities officially stopped using preferences in
admissions. Instead, they are taking all applicants ranked in the top 20 percent of state
high schools - a policy that relies on schools that are largely black or Hispanic to
guarantee pools of minority students. For example, for a mainly Hispanic high school with
200 seniors, the top 20 percent policy would guarantee admission to 40 students, many of
whom would probably be Hispanic.
"Still, preference policies have also been watered down because of legal threats such
as one that rocked the University of Georgia on Monday, when a federal judge declared its
affirmative action policy unconstitutional.
"In language that reverberated throughout higher education, US District Judge B.
Avant Edenfield overruled a 22-year-old legal precedent used by the college to defend
affirmative action. The desire for campus diversity, he said, was not important enough to
justify favoring minority students because of their race. ''To base racial preferences
upon an amorphous, unquantifiable, and temporally unlimited goal is to engage in naked
racial balancing,'' Edenfield wrote.
"Although officials at many selective universities acknowledge that some minority
students have weaker academic records than some white students who were rejected, they say
the need for diversity justifies the school policies.
"Also driving the changes were the election of governors in California, Virginia,
Texas, and Florida who opposed affirmative action programs. From that political
environment emerged new college trustees who saw racial preferences as discriminatory
against white students, and changed the policies in spite of campus protests. Meanwhile,
some voters have voiced their opposition to affirmative action, with California banning
the policy in 1996 and Washington State approving a similar ban in 1998.
"The fate of affirmative action on campus, many agree, will sooner or later be in the
hands of the US Supreme Court. Partisans on both sides of the issue see the election of
the next president as critical: the appointment of new justices could sway whether race
matters when future college admissions are decided." (Boston Globe 07/30/00 by
Racial-balance law scrutinized (08/29/99 - dead link)
"Controversy and confusion could percolate in about 21 school districts this year as
the constitutionality of a state law requiring schools to be racially balanced is
"A successful bid this summer to end race-based student assignment in Boston and a
federal court movement against any public affirmative action program is forcing the state
to take a look at the 34-year-old law that orders public school districts to avoid having
any school become more than 50 percent minority.
"Under the statute, there is great incentive for districts to racially balance their
student populations: They get funding for new school construction more quickly and they
get more of it.
"... [S]ome school officials have charged districts with artificially forcing
minority percentages up to get the higher reimbursement." Boston Globe 08/29/99
page B6 by Beth Daley)
UMass' Committee for the Collegiate
Education of Black and other Minority Students (posted
06/30/99, no link)
"A student from UMass has sent Adversity.Net the following official description of
UMass' special program titled "CCEBMS, Committee for the Collegiate Education of
Black and other Minority Students."
The UMass policy reads, in part: "CCEBMS promotes the recruitment, retention,
and graduation of students of color. Its services include academic, personal,
graduate school, and career counseling, free tutorials, and an intensive basic skills
program called 'A Chance to Excel.'"
The student submittor added this comment: "This statement seems to
practically guarantee a degree for those who are not white. Free tutorials?
Not for those who aren't the right skin color!" (Posted 06/30/99) - no
Education in Massachusetts, a Troubled Program
"Massachusetts has over 40,000 bilingual education students, and is one of only nine
states in the US to require bilingual education in all districts where there is a
sufficient number of students who are not proficient in English." "The
effectiveness of the state's bilingual policy was criticized in a 1996 Pioneer Institute
report ... (which) concluded 'Twenty-five years after passage of the bilingual education
law in Massachusetts, there is still no proof that (bilingual ed) works better than other
approaches such as intensive English instruction." (Mass News, posted 12/29/98)
State Education Chairman Denies that
State Schools Use Racial Quotas (dead)
Massachusetts' top educator, John Silber, says that Massachusetts' school racial quota
admissions are not discriminatory! Clearly Mr. Silber has not reviewed the
Constitution recently! (Associated Press, via Boston Globe 11/04/98). See
"Related Story", below.
|Related Story: Boston Educators Refuse to Reveal Data on Racial Admissions
Massachusetts' public records law requires that state-supported educational institutions
provide SAT scores and racial admissions data. But they have refused! What are
they hiding? (Associated Press via Boston Globe 11/02/98)
Bilingual Students are NOT Taught
English in Massachusetts! (11/01/98 - dead)
"Bilingual" (immigrant) students who have been in the Massachusettes education
system for three or more years cannot pass the required, standardized test on reading and
writing English! Mass. teachers have excused 58% of the state's
"bilingual" third graders from the required, standardized test. Why?
Because they can't pass it. Bilingual education at its worst. (Boston Globe
to accept racial scholarships (12/02/99)
Discredited former black UMass administrator Randolph Bromery gets NYNEX to finance
anti-white, pro-minority scholarships. Bromery has been forced out of at least two
prior colleges for his racial views. (Adversity.Net special report 12/02/99)
Racial preferences have taken their
toll at UMass (03/06/99 - dead)
"Now that the University of Massachusetts at Amherst is scaling back its race-based
admissions policies, it is time to examine the toll racial preferences have taken.
The first casualty was truth. Just two years ago, a UMass-Amherst spokeswoman wrote on
these pages, 'UMass-Amherst does not have race-based admissions or hiring policies or
"Even now, university officials continue to tell the Globe that minimum academic
standards were always met and that preferences were small, used mainly to break
ties. Would that it were so. In the fall of 1997, the Board of Higher Education
standards for regular admission (slightly simplified here) required a very modest high
school GPA of 2.75. The actual GPAs of entering first-year students averaged 3.12 for
whites, 2.99 for Asians, 2.80 for Hispanics, and 2.53 for blacks. A limited number of
applicants who fell below 2.75 could be accepted as 'special admits.'
"UMass-Amherst will not release the racial breakdown of ''special admits'' by the BHE
definition. But under its own closely related definition, ''special admits'' comprised 49
percent of black enrollees, 42 percent of Hispanics, 22 percent of Asians, and 2 percent
"Admission policies are but the tip of the iceberg; race-based policies permeate many
other aspects of campus life. The faculty hiring set-aside program instructs departments
to 'cast around for minority or female candidates,' but then warns against revealing
the program's race-and-gender restrictions to those candidates." (Boston Globe,
03/06/99, by Robert M. Costrell)
UMass aid, admissions to rely less
on race (02/20/99 - dead)
"In the wake of successful legal and political assaults on [racial quota admissions
policies] in this state and nationally, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst is
issuing a pre-emptive strike: It will rely less on race and ethnicity in admitting
students and awarding financial aid.
"The university announced yesterday that it will begin using household income and
other non-race factors as variables in choosing students - a decision that the university
acknowledges will result in a decrease in its minority student population. 'This is
an adjustment in light of the changing legal environment,' said Joseph Marshall, assistant
vice chancellor for enrollment services. 'It is clearly a sign of the times, nationally.'
He said the move will allow the university greater flexibility and will allow it to
shield itself from criticism and, perhaps, lawsuits claiming affirmative action by race or
ethnicity is a form of 'reverse racism.' " (Boston Globe 03/20/99, by Cindy
UMass to Modify Admissions, Financial
Aid Quotas (02/19/99 - no link)
Memo from UMass Chancellor to Campus Community: "The University of
Massachusetts is moving to modify some of its admissions and financial aid practices in
light of changing legal views on affirmative action nation-wide, according to an
announcement by Joe Marshall, assistant vice chancellor for enrollment services.
Marshall said: "UMass Amherst has a long-standing commitment to diversity but we
recognize that a new climate exists. We are looking at some short-term and some long-term
approaches to dealing with the changing times."
" 'In the past, especially after the Bakke case in California in the late 1970s, many
universities used race as a significant factor to be considered in the admissions process
in order to foster a more diverse student population', Marshall said. UMass followed this
practice with a goal of recruiting an incoming first-year class of qualified students who
reflect the diversity of graduating seniors from Massachusetts high schools. With the
recent legal interpretations in mind, Marshall said, 'Now, when we consider which
applicants to admit, we will use a much broader array of permissible criteria for
achieving diversity. The same will hold true for certain scholarships, which, in the
past, could be awarded mainly on race and ethnic criteria. We will broaden the definition
of diversity for these scholarships," according to vice chancellor Joe Marshall.
(Supplied by AADAP @ www.aadap.org)
UMass to launch "hidden"
diversity plan (dead link)
"The University of Massachusetts has embarked on a sweeping effort to tackle
diversity and social justice issues on campus from the ground up - with individual
departments and offices, rather than high-level administrators, setting goals such as
increased recruitment of minority students and faculty and better cross-cultural
understanding." (Gazettenet.com 12/18/98, by Steve Pfarrer)
Commentary: The UMass plan involves decentralizing the "diversity
police" into individual departments and academic units. The main effect of this
will be to make it much more difficult for outside agencies and citizens to obtain proof
of discriminatory use of racial quotas and other constitutional violations. Rather
than obtaining a subpoena for the University's records as a whole, critics and aggrieved
nonminorities will now be forced to go to individual departments to obtain records, making
it much more difficult to obtain judicial relief. The strategy also immunizes the
instutution as a whole to a certain extent: a negative judicial determination might
be limited only to one department's quota program rather than affecting the entire
University. This strategy is directly parallell to the new strategy implemented by
the federal government this past year - to "hide" the use of racial quotas by
distributing quota programs throughout the bureaucracy and throughout many agencies and
Mass (Amherst, U Mass.):
University Scaling Back Quotas (04/06/99 - dead link)
"Chancellor David Scott said
Monday the school has been forced to scale back its use of racial quotas in student
admissions because of a changing legal environment and a failure to retain some of its
The table below illustrates the kind of racially discriminatory admissions policies that
Scott said the University is eliminating:
1998 Racial Admissions Data
||% Minority Applicants
||% White Applicants
||Future (under Scott's
||Category 4 to be
||Category 5 to be
||Racial disparity will
remain in Category 6
One student reacted to news of the reduction in racial preferences by telling the
Chancellor "I'm insulted you won't mobilize an effort to stop this conservative,
Chancellor Scott made his remarks Monday in Bartlett Auditorium before a crowd of
disgruntled students who made it clear they do not want to give up racial quotas.
When Scott finished speaking, it is reported that about two-thirds of the crowd filed out
of the auditorium singing "We Shall Overcome." (Based on Gazettenet.Com 04/06/99
by Steve Pfarrer)
Hundreds Rally to Fight School Resegregation (02-26-04)
"Hundreds of parents and
students rallied Feb. 10 at the 12th Baptist Church in Roxbury to send a strong message to
those who rule Boston: A return to segregation under the slogan of "neighborhood
schools" will not be tolerated.
"The Boston School Committee,
which is appointed by the mayor, has launched a process to "re-evaluate" its
current plan that assigns students to schools. A task force has been appointed to conduct
community meetings like one at the church to prepare for a new plan.
"People in the community say
they recognize this as a slick cover for the mayor's racist move to resegregate the
schools. In the community news conference before the Feb. 10 task force meeting in
Roxbury, African American City Councilor Chuck Turner made this clear. ... At the Feb. 10
meeting, parents from the Black and Latino communities made it clear they would not
tolerate resegregation. They demanded an increase in the quality of all schools in Boston,
reinstatement of Turner as chair of the City Council's education committee,
discontinuation of racist standardized MCAS tests--and that parental choice in student
assignment be continued and extended citywide so that students of color can get an equal,
quality education at the school of their choice.
"They condemned the task force
process as a sham. And they told the task force and the School Superintendent Thomas
Payzant that there is no basis for the community to trust in the School Committee given
its continued failure to provide quality education to students of color. They said quality
education for their children is a matter of survival -- and that they would "wage
war" to get it and defend it.
"Chuck Turner gave a
concluding statement in which he acknowledged the efforts of the Boston school bus
drivers' union for having helped to mobilize the hundreds of parents and students who
attended. Union drivers distributed thousands of fliers to students on the school buses.
Turner pointed out that while other, predominantly white, neighborhoods were calling for
excluding children from quality education under the slogan "neighborhood
schools," as Louise Day Hicks did, the Black community was calling for quality
education in all schools and opposing limitation of choice. He spoke of the 1974 march
against racism by 25,000 people in Boston to support the right of the African American
community to equal quality education by whatever means it chose."
Last known link:
MA (public schools, Boston Latin)
Payzant non-racial schools proposal (10/21/99)
"A proposal by Boston schools chief Thomas Payzant to reserve half the seats in
schools for neighborhood kids and open the other half to students throughout the city drew
fire from education watchdogs yesterday.
"The strongest criticism came from one of the architects of the city's ``controlled
choice'' assignment plan, which was stripped of its racial components after the school
system's long-standing [racial assignment] procedures were ruled unconstitutional.
"Harvard University education professor Charles Willie slammed Payzant's plan as a
return to segregated classrooms. He said Payzant's plan was ``not fair'' because it lacks
measures to ensure schools are attended by children of all racial groups. ``To
recommend a proximity preference without also recommending reinstatement of racial
fairness guidelines that guarantee seats in all schools for all racial groups is to risk
resegregating Boston public schools, since most Boston neighborhoods are racially
imbalanced,'' Willie said, in a letter to the Boston School Committee.
[A "proximity preference"? What the hell
"Payzant's new proposal would allow as many students preference to nearby schools as
possible, while leaving 50 percent of the seats available to students from across the
district. The goal is to ensure a certain number of children can attend the schools near
their homes, but also shield seats so students who live outside a particular school zone
can still choose that site.
"As expected by Payzant, his plan to weigh school grades and entrance exam scores
equally in a race-neutral admissions process to the city's elite high schools also drew
fire." (Boston Herald 10/21/99 by Ed Hayward)
|Similar / Related:
Boston Superintendent Payzant Now
Wants Geographic Preferences (10/23/99)
Boston Schools Superintendent Thomas W. Payzant now says he wants to reserve half of all
seats in schools for neighborhood students and half for children who live in other parts
of the city.
Under his general student assignment plan, the city would continue to be broken up into
three zones, with parents choosing new schools in the "transition grades"
(kindergarten and grades 1, 6, and 9) Only elementary and middle schools would be
affected; high schools would continue to be citywide.
Ann Walsh, head of Boston Children First, the group that filed the lawsuit against the
citys race-based assignment policy, says, "He is neither giving the
neighborhood school advocates what they want or the black students in Roxbury what they
need - schools." Walsh said if five schools the mayor has pledged to build are
constructed more quickly, children could attend local schools in every neighborhood,
giving parents the ownership of schools. (National Association for Neighborhood Schools
[link http://www.nans.org ]
Plan allegedly drops race role in
enrollment (10/20/99 - dead link)
"Striking an uneasy compromise between neighborhood school advocates and those who
want choice, Boston School Superintendent Thomas W. Payzant wants to reserve half of all
seats in schools for neighborhood students and half for children who live in other parts
of the city.
[Editors Note: Payzant should be wary that such an
assignment might be interpreted as a "proxy for racial assignments", especially
if either half of his 50% policy turns out to predominantly benefit certain races.]
"If the School Committee passes the proposal on Nov. 3, it will be the city's first
student assignment policy in 25 years that does not use race to determine where children
go to school.
"Payzant, who will present the recommendations to the School Committee tonight, also
will suggest that applicants to the city's three exam schools continue to be admitted on
rank alone, although he wants to change the weight that grade-point averages and entrance
test scores carry in determining that rank.
[Editors Note: Again, Payzant needs to be cautious
here. If his weighting of grade-point averages and entrance test scores turn out to
primarily benefit certain races and genders, his actions may be interpreted by a future
court as "proxies for race".]
"Parents and even longtime school advocates said yesterday that if the motion passes,
they probably won't know the impact of the recommendations until at least next year, and
probably longer. Still, last night, many said they are suspicious." (Boston
Globe page B01 10/20/99 by Beth Daley)
Board Votes To End Era Of Race-Based Assignment
"In a move widely seen as the end of an era, Boston school officials have decided
that this coming school year will be the last in which they use race as a factor in
determining where students go to school.
"Facing pressure from a lawsuit by white parents and advocates of neighborhood
schools, the city's school board voted 5-2 last month to adopt a race-blind admissions
policy starting in September 2000.
"The city has been using a "controlled choice" system of assigning students
for the past decade, since shortly after a federal judge ended his supervision of a
desegregation plan that had led to violent clashes over busing in the mid-1970s. "It
was pretty clear that using race in student assignment was not going to withstand court
scrutiny," Elizabeth Reilinger, the chairwoman of the school board, said last week.
"We didn't think we had a viable case."
"Board members and Superintendent Thomas W. Payzant concluded that it was better to
switch than fight in part because of the generally dim view federal judges have taken of
race-based policies in recent years. And last fall, the district's long-running legal
battle to defend race-conscious admissions at the prestigious Boston Latin School ended in
failure when a federal appeals court struck down the policy." (Education Week,
08/04/99 edition, by Caroline Hendrie)
Ends: Boston Drops Race in Pupil Placement
BOSTON -- "In the most powerful symbol yet that the era of race-based busing is
ending in America, the Boston School Committee voted on Wednesday night to drop race as a
factor in deciding which school a child attends. The vote will effectively end in 2000 the
last vestiges of the city's busing integration program, 25 years after its violent
inception tarred Boston with a reputation for northern racism and school busing strife.
"The committee's vote of 5 to 2 completed a neat historical circle: In 1974, it was a
Federal judge who found that Boston's de facto school segregation discriminated against
black children and ordered the busing. Wednesday night, the committee voted under pressure
from a pending Federal lawsuit that argues that the current system discriminates against
"City authorities who encouraged the vote to return to neighborhood schools said they
acted out of awareness that here and nationwide, affirmative action programs and other
school admissions systems that take race into account have lost again and again in recent
court challenges." (New York Times 07/15/99 by Carey Goldberg)
(Also See Related: Boston
Latin School, Adversity.Net special)
Suit targets city on [race-based]
school admissions (06/22/99 - dead link)
"Twenty-five years to the day a federal judge ordered Boston to desegregate its
public schools - leading to one of the most tumultuous and ugly chapters in the city's
history - a group of parents yesterday asked a federal court to abandon the last remnants
of the plan.
"Saying four white students were unconstitutionally denied entrance to schools
because of their race, the lawsuit asks the US District Court to throw out a decade-old
policy that assigns students to schools based on choice and race. The plaintiffs want a
race-neutral admissions policy in place by September. 'It is unfair for my son
to be denied anything because of his race,' said Rose O'Toole, one of the five plaintiffs
and a mother of a 4-year-old who she says was denied entrance to his choice of
kindergarten because he was white. Boston's Children First, a pro-neighborhood
school group, spearheaded the lawsuit and also is a plaintiff.
"The lawsuit is filed after a three-year losing effort by Boston public schools to
defend race-based admission policies at the system's top exam school [the infamous Boston
Latin School case]. School officials argued that the educational value to a diverse
student body is so great, a race-based policy is needed to ensure it.
"The US Supreme Court has yet to rule on race-based admissions policies in public
school cases, although several cases are in the pipeline and could eventually be chosen.
The nation's highest court already has ruled against using race in college-based
admissions and in awards for government contracts." (Boston Globe, 06/22/99, by
|Related / Simlar Story:
Boston parents sue over race-based school
assignment (again, and again!) (06/22/99 - dead link)
BOSTON (AP) "A group of parents asked the federal court to throw out what's
left of the city's public school desegregation plan, despite warnings that such a move
could reverse the city's [racial quotas in schools] over the past 25 years.
"The lawsuit, filed Monday, claims four white students were unconstitutionally denied
entrance to their schools of choice because of their race. It asks the court to
throw out a School Department policy that considers race when assigning students to
"The lawsuit was filed 25 years to the day after U.S. District Judge W. Arthur
Garrity Jr. ruled that segregation in Boston schools violated the equal protection of the
city's black children under the 14th Amendment of the Constitution. "If this
prevails, we're going to guarantee a segregated system,'' City Councilor Charles Yancey,
who represents the predominantly minority neighborhoods of Mattapan and Dorchester, said
In a particularly regressive, undemocratic statement, Yancey added: "It seems
patently obvious the thrust of the suit is to have schools based on the demographic makeup
of the neighborhoods''. Hmmm. Now THERES a concept! Schools composed of
the people who live in the neighborhood in which the school is located! Egads!
Attempting to justify continued busing of children away from their own neighborhood
schooks, Yancy was also quoted as saying: "Children should not be restricted
geographically to where they go to school.'' You know what, Mr. Yancey? It is
really, really doubtful that the kids and their parents consider it
"restrictive" to be able to attend a school in their own neighborhood.
"The plaintiffs say parents and students will feel more involved if the youngsters
are allowed to attend schools closer to home, instead of being bused across the city to
achieve racial balance." (Associated Press 06/22/99 via FoxNews)
Boston Latin Public School Denied Entry
to White Children!
Adversity.Net (Horror Stories, Case 4, this site):
The courts have repeatedly found the Boston Latin School guilty of reverse discrimination
-- on YOUR tax dollars. Yet Boston Latin continued to deny white children entry to
the school! Until the court ordered them to stop in November 1998! As of Feb.
5, 1999 Boston Latin has submitted to pressure from the NAACP and has dropped
their appeal of the November decision to the Supreme Court. A victory for white
school children in Boston; a defeat for white school children across the nation. (Continuously updated; most
For a complete background and current news articles please see: Boston Latin Case (updated Mar. 24,
1999), including summaries of these recent articles:
Boston Latin Minority Admissions Hold Steady (Boston Globe
03/24/99): When Boston Latin School was forced to dismantle its most recent racial
quota admissions policy after a bitter court fight, racial special interests predicted the
number of minorities admitted to the school would drop dramatically. In the end, it
came down to just 10 students.
Under a new, race-blind admissions policy, the number of black and Hispanic students
admitted to the prestigious school for next September was about the same as in 1998 - the
last year of a racial preference policy. Eighty-one black and Hispanic students were
admitted to next year's seventh-grade class of 440 students, 10 fewer than last
year. (See Boston Latin Update 03/24/99.)
Affirmative Action Cowardice (NY
Post Editorial 02/07/99): "If affirmative action is such a just policy, why
aren't its advocates confident enough to take it all the way to the Supreme Court?
The NAACP and the U.S. Education Department fear that racial preferences will be ruled
unconstitutional by the high court."
Committee Won't Appeal Quota Ruling
(Associated Press 2/4/99)
Observers advise caution in taking
affirmative action to high court (AP 2/4/99)
School Busing Fading As A Key Issue (dead link)
"The day after Mayor Thomas M. Menino announced a neighborhood school plan last week
that would effectively end student busing in Boston, not one person came to a School
Committee meeting to object.
"A court case that could mean the dismantling of the entire student assignment
system, which uses race as one of the factors in assigning students to city schools, was
met with only tepid protests by a handful of minority leaders last month.
"When a series of public hearings was held last year on possible changes in the
student assignment policy, fewer than 10 parents attended each session.
"Busing is rapidly unraveling in Boston, but recent developments have failed to spark
the angry debates, the stormy protests, or unbridled passions that accompanied the
historic 1974 court ruling ordering Boston's schools to be integrated." (Boston
Globe, 01/19/99, by Beth Daley)
Mass (Lowell, U Mass.):
drop in blacks, Latinos at Lowell (03/16/99)
"50 percent fewer will be admitted than in '98 "The number of blacks and Latinos
accepted to prestigious Lowell High School next fall has plummeted by 50 percent from fall
1998, raising serious questions about how to maintain diversity without using race in
admissions. At the same time, offers to Chinese American and white students has jumped
considerably, confirming predictions that Lowell, one of the top public schools in
California, will become increasingly white and Asian American." (San Francisco
Examiner, 03/16/99, by Julie Guthrie) (0file)
Mass (Lowell, U Mass.):
Undecided Desegregation Plan (11/28/98 - dead link)
"Lowell's admissions policy has been changed to create one cutoff for all
applicants, but for 20 percent of the class it takes into account other factors like
socioeconomic status and personal achievement." (New York Times 11/28/98)
(public schools, Lynn)
Foes of Lynn's race-based schools
policy won't drop suit (09/10/99)
[Lynn, MA is a small town located North by North East from Boston, a few miles from the
coast. Massachusetts liberal, pro-minority quota policies continue to invite
lawsuits from parents of school children in this liberal state.]
"Five families who filed suit against Lynn public schools' student assignment policy
have been told their children can attend the schools of their choice, according to the
lawyer who filed the suit.
"However, attorney Chester Darling said he will not drop the lawsuit because the
student assignment policy still is on the books and discriminates against students because
of their race.
"The lawsuit, filed two weeks ago, seeks to force the city to stop using race when
assigning students to schools. Eventually, the plaintiffs want the state to throw out a
34-year-old desegregation law that allows schools to use race in assigning students to
school." (Boston Globe 09/10/99 page B6 by Beth Daley)
[former link *http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/253/metro/
MA (Wheaton College)
Tiny Wheaton College Hires
Disproportionate Number of Minority Faculty
(06/09/00 - pay site)
Wheaton College is a small, liberal arts college located in Norton, Massachusetts about 30
miles or so south of Boston. They have employed many dubious "racial
preferences" methods in their hiring of minority faculty.
Were it not for race-based criteria, the odds that this college could hire so many black
faculty in one year have been estimated at 1 in 1,000. Yet this tiny college
"succeeded" in doing just that, and they are justifiably being criticized for
using racial criteria in their hiring decisions.
The original Chronicle of Higher Education headline reads as follows: "What
Does It Mean When a College Hires 5 Black Scholars?"
According to the Chronicle: "Wheaton says it shows determination and luck;
critics wonder if race played too large a role.
"In the highly competitive race to hire black faculty members, a small liberal-arts
college in Massachusetts is out front this year. Despite having little money and a weak
track record in minority hiring until now, Wheaton College has managed to sign up more
black professors this spring than Harvard University.
"Five of the 10 tenure-track professors who are set to join Wheaton this fall are
black, compared with just two out of the two dozen new faces coming to Harvard so far.
"How did Wheaton pull it off? That's a subject about which people at the college are
proud but defensive.
"Wheaton's president, Dale Rogers Marshall, is a social scientist with an expertise
in race as it relates to urban politics. One of her priorities, she says, is making her
faculty more closely resemble the face of the nation. "Our backgrounds shape our
ideas," she says. "If everybody is an upper-class white male from Harvard, a
whole bunch of ideas aren't going to emerge"....
"Critics at Wheaton believe the college may have gone too far, creating special
circumstances that helped academic departments lure black candidates. The sociology
department offered a black woman a tenure-track job without conducting a national search,
for example. And the English department invited only one candidate to a campus interview
for its job in creative writing -- the African-American woman who eventually was hired. By
comparison, two other departments that hired white candidates -- history, and physics and
astronomy -- each interviewed four job prospects on the campus....
The Chronicle quotes Gerald Zuriff, a professor of psychology, as follows:
"They've stuck in 'being a minority' as part of the criteria for being the
best." Professor Zuriff was the most outspoken opponent of Wheaton's race-based
hiring process this year.
The Wheaton College economics department is illustrative of the race-based faculty hiring
craze. According to the Chronicle, "Three African-American men were among the
15 people the department interviewed in January. And it ended up hiring two of them,
even though it had originally had room for only one."
The Chronicle report continues: "John A. Miller, who chairs the economics
department, stayed up until 3 a.m. one morning working on a memorandum to persuade
administrators to hire two economists instead of one. "I said, 'Here's an opportunity
to get two wonderful people, both African-Americans,'" Mr. Miller recalls.
Both the provost and the president of Wheaton College bought Miller's racial-quota
rationale. Somewhat gratuitously, Mr. Miller described the fact that it worked out
to hire both minority faculty "a miracle." Indeed.
"But there was nothing supernatural about what happened, says Mr. Zuriff, the
psychology professor who is among those who have questioned this year's hires. Departments
hired so many African-American candidates, he says, because that was their chief
goal. "Is it fair to other candidates when it really is not an open
search?" he asks. "If you hired a white person through the old-boy network and
didn't advertise, can you imagine what would happen?"
"Mr. Zuriff says that if all candidates were considered equally, the odds of the
English department hiring three African-Americans in a single year are 1 in 1,000. (He's
counting the two tenure-track hires and the graduate student from Brown.) In a letter he
wrote to the editor of the student newspaper, The Wheaton Wire, Mr. Zuriff asked:
"Does Professor Krebs [the chairwoman] expect us to believe that the hiring process
was truly unbiased?" (Chronicle of Higher Education, 06/09/00, by Robin
[link to Pay Site: http://www.chronicle.com/weekly/v46/i40/40a01601.htm
Also visit Wheaton College's web site at http://www.wheatonma.edu/
END of Massachusetts - Racial Quotas in Education